Timber frame houses

The building of a timber frame house
Traditionally, a variety of functions (structure, heat and sound insulation) for rocks of bricks, wood or stone walls must be carried out simultaneously, which determine several conditions for concrete construction: the natural drying and shrinkage of the building, the wall thickness is sufficient and the bases are heavy and the total construction time is long. Timber frame houses today have become very popular thanks to their fast construction process northouse.eu/private-house-construction-wooden-frame-houses-construction-stages/, the excellent strength of the timber frame house design and the relatively low material purchase costs. However, in order to objectively evaluate the necessity of building such a timber frame house, it is important to get acquainted with its advantages and disadvantages. Timber frame houses advantages-low construction costs.A simple timber frame made of straight vertical and horizontal pieces with a common rafter roof without purlins. The term box frame is not well defined and has been used for any kind of framing (with the usual exception of cruck framing). The distinction presented here is that the roof load is carried by the exterior walls. Purlins are also found even in plain timber frames.

The main advantage of a timber frame house is that its construction requires much less money than bricks or other building designs. Even with the precise construction of a wood chip home construction technology and the use of expensive materials, the difference in terms of cost will still be felt. Thanks to the fact that the wooden frame walls are lightweight but at the same time extremely durable, it is not necessary to build a home base from massive and expensive materials.

Also, the interior decoration of the timber frame house does not have to invest heavily. The inner walls are usually covered with gypsum plasterboard, which, given the smooth outer walls, can be fastened without the use of additional metal profiles – on a plywood or wooden frame. It’s cheaper than doing a wall render with several leveling layers.

Timber frame houses-are relatively slimmer walls

To ensure good thermal insulation of the timber frame house, it is not necessary to build thick walls.

The average thickness of the outer wall of the carcass houses is 25-30 centimeters, for example, with a brick wall with an approximate thickness of 45-50 centimeters. This is a significant advantage in small buildings, where each square meter plays an important role.

For example, in a 36 square meter house, thanks to the slim wooden frame wall, it can save up to five square meters of space.

Low thermal conductivity of timber frame houses

None of the building materials such as brick or concrete in terms of thermal insulation is not comparable to timber. Thanks to modern modern insulation materials and wood frame airtight, the home space in winter can be warmed up more quickly and warmer for longer. On the other hand, in the summer, pleasant coolness is maintained in the rooms, as external walls do not heat up from the sun.

Thus, timber frame houses can significantly reduce the cost of heating and premises, as well as provide comfort in the home.Timber frame house is a simple and fast construction process at any time of the year.Thanks to the technology, the process of building a timber frame house northouse.eu/private-house-construction-manufacturing-process/ is very simple. In addition, building such a house in a relatively short period of time – about one to two months. Similarly, there is no limit to the construction of a timber frame house due to the time of the year – timber frame houses can be built both in winter and in summer.

Timber Frame house disadvantages-frustration

The wall of the timber frame house itself looks very fragile in itself.

True – in terms of durability, it can not be compared to a brick or concrete wall.

Although the fragility of the walls is considered to be a disadvantage, it is not so significant that it would categorically refuse to build such a house.

Timber frame house-blazing material

Fire insecurity is an important factor for the potential owners of a timber frame house to abandon the idea of ​​building a timber frame house.

Therefore, when traveling in this type of house, some important conditions must be observed:

Before starting work, all the wood for timber frame house should be treated with a special solution that will protect it from ignition – it is important to buy a high quality product. Make sure the proper protection of the protective device can be achieved by soaking the solution with a small wooden board and pouring it into the oven;

When installing electricity in a wood frame house, keep track of all wires in a special protective jacket;

Only non-combustible materials should be selected for thermal insulation works;

In locations where there is an increased risk, for example, where a boiler or stove will be placed, it is necessary to make a finish from the refractory materials.

Timber frame house pests

Timber frame houses can accommodate various pests,

which is a significant lack of timber frame houses.

But there is a solution to this problem – wood should be treated with a special bio-protective solution.

In addition, it is also possible to find tools that will protect wood from both pests and fire at the same time.

Timber frame houses-recommendation

For wood carcass houses to serve for years, it is important to take proper technology into its construction process. Therefore, it is advisable to choose only those companies specializing in the construction of timber frame houses. Similarly, a company that deals with the construction of your home must provide a written construction guarantee.

The technology of building a timber frame house houses various material functions – bearing capacity, separation, insulation. Each element has its own function and possible options: various materials

Timber frame house building technology northouse.eu/wooden-panel-houses-ehitbuilding/ determines various material functions – bearing capacity, separation, insulation. Each element has its own function and possible options: different materials have the minimum thickness of their construction, its thermal energy efficiency, moisture resistance and sound permeability.

The basics can be monolithic or solid, but they do not need to be massive to be stable. It shortens construction time and reduces costs.

Usually a timber frame house is one to two floors. Such houses are light and small, and there is no need for a large amount of exterior material. This is one of the benefits compared to building a panel house – the flexibility is the implementation of different architectural needs.

One of the disadvantages of this home might be acoustic. Through the construction process there are special sealing settings that can act as sound insulation. Sound insulation defines filling. Problems with disadvantages are often: if there are two floors in the house, then people, for example, may complain too loud on the second floor. This problem can be solved if we choose a sufficiently long wooden cover, which later pours a concrete floor. In a building, using wooden frames, it is possible to build even a five-story house, but usually they use one or two-story houses.

The frame is made from dried calibrated wood. Due to good qualities, builders choose to use conifers. Christmas tree is flexible; The pine is brittle, but today’s technology allows us to protect wood from the adverse effects of the environment.

Frame can be set for several weeks. An important requirement to build a house, as in this case, is the good weather conditions for the installation of frame houses, because although the timber construction, moisture and insulation of the assembly can affect it.

If the decision is to build a timber frame house, it is not advisable to stay home for several years without windows and doors, because the wood will not stand it. Therefore, it is necessary to plan all construction works and have enough money to complete the work.

Then the frame is locked (very suitable calibrated wood), the elements are inserted 60 cm in succession and fastened with nails and screws.

According to project needs, in corners and other places, thicker wood material is used.

 

Finish works of timber frame houses

A variety of materials can be used for performance of finish works for timber frame houses. Traditionally, decoration boards or ornamental plaster, decorative brick tiles, finished cement slabs, saidings, cladding panels, etc. The interior decoration can be made according to taste and desire – walls can be painted or glued with wallpaper, in technical rooms, as well as in the rooms where humidity is high, tiles can be laid.Tiles, floor boards, parquet, laminate, linoleum, etc. can be used for floor decoration in living rooms.

Before finishing the interior, it is advisable to consult a qualified designer and work out a design project together: to create a design for each room – according to the lifestyle of the host, and to develop the design for a common living room, bathroom, and toilet.

For timber frame houses, there is also a wide range of roofing options.It is possible to choose metal roofs, bitumen tile roof, concrete or clay tile roof, etc.

 

Fireproof timber frame house

When designing timber frame houses, all fire safety regulations are observed. The house is properly located. The timber materials are treated with special devices providing fire protection.

The wood used in the construction of a timber frame house is calibrated – the smooth surface prevents fire exposure, and all the wooden constructions are embedded under suitable materials to provide that the timber material does not come into direct contact with the fire.

All timber constructions in the production process are carefully treated both against fire and possible moisture access,and mould, thus providing the house with fire safety and longevity.

Durability of timber frame houses

The durability of a timber frame house depends to a large extent on the place of the construction of the chosen house, the condition of the ground, the construction of proper foundations, properly selected and applied construction technologies, and qualitatively created exterior finishes to protect the house from the influence of climatic conditions – wind, snow, etc.

Thanks to modern technologies, timber frame houses are strong, safe and durable.

Advantages of a timber frame house

The main advantage of a timber frame building isits high heat resistance, which allows the owners to save significant heating costs. These houses are practical, ecological and environmentally friendly. They can be constructed in a short period of time, and construction can be done at any time of the year – even in winter.

The construction speed is provided by the dry construction law, since it is not necessary to wait for the material to dry out.

A fully constructed timber frame house is much lighter in weight than a concrete house, so there is no need to build a solid, complicated and expensive foundation.

A timber frame house is a natural and breathable place of residence for your family.

Construction of Timber frame houses

Timber framing and “post-and-beam” construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. It is commonplace in wooden buildings from the 19th century and earlier.

If the structural frame of load-bearing timber is left exposed on the exterior of the building it may be referred to as half-timbered, and in many cases the infill between timbers will be used for decorative effect. Timber framed houses are spread all over the country.

Since this building method has been used for thousands of years in many parts of the world, many styles of historic framing have developed. These styles are often categorized by the type of foundation, walls, how and where the beams intersect, the use of curved timbers, and the roof framing details.

Which technologies and building materials are the most suitable for the timber frame house building

Timber frame house – which building materials are the most suitable?

The definition of the timber frame house has to be perceived directly because this house really consists of an inner frame, which is clutched with inner and outer mount materials. DSP, OSB, and veneer are used for inner and outer clutching materials. Walls of the private house construction are filled with thermal insulation material – it can be glass wool, eco-wool, mineral wool, polystyrene foam.

The main load of the wooden carcass house is on the frame. If we talk about the technology of carcass houses, then it is not able to mention, that there are wooden carcass houses and metal carcass houses.

Timber carcass houses have different names – prefabricated houses, modular houses or panel houses, but all of these are constructed in accordance to the carcass or, so-called, timber frame house technology  and they are durable against different kinds of deformation and serves for a long time. The outer decoration of the wooden carcass house with sheet materials helps to achieve the building design and all the parameters needed.

Timber carcass houses – how to classify technologies?

The technology of the wooden carcass house construction is classified into two ways, depending on the roominess of the building.

Carcass panel technology on the spot. 

This way timber carcass house construction basis is – on the spot hand-made installation with the machining and thermal insulation. By it means, that, building a house using the technology like this, it is necessary to buy each material separately and set all them up. This technology is relatively cheaper in case of materials, but in case of the invested work, it can require more costs.

On the other hand, the second type is timber carcass panel technology (so-called prefabricated house,

modular house, panel house) with already included processing materials. In accordance with carcass house construction, the need size panels are made industrially, they already include thermal insulation. Ready materials are delivering on the spot, where, using a special equipment, the house has been mounting. This technology is more popular because it greatly shortens the mounting time.

Ready panels provide quality and fully corresponds to all the standards. In many cases, costs, which are relatively bigger, are reasonable – the quality of the material provides longer serving time and saves heating costs of the timber frame carcass house. Choosing one or another technology, costs will be approximately similar. But in the first case, you have to pay for each work separately – for interior work, insulation and for the decoration. Choosing an individual, comfortable and durable house building. You have to take into an account some key factors.

The best variation could be low costs and the house will serve for a long time. That’s why, choosing the project and the material, it is preferable to pay any attention for advantages and limitations of building technologies.

Timber frame house – which is the advantages?

Carcass technology is considered the most economical private house type in the building. Small weight of the construction lets decrease costs for the foundation, in turn, the fast way of building the house lets put into exploitation the building in some months. Timber carcass constructions give a huge energy consumed saving. By the way, in winter the house quickly becomes warm, and the low thermal conductivity lets reduce the thickness of the wall to 15 cm. Wooden houses have a high thermal insulation, they are durable to the deformation.

Walls are flat, they let to carry out the inner works right away the mounting of the construction. The surface of the cladding material can be used without further processing, which greatly reduces the cost of interior and exterior finishing. The inner side of the building carcass is covered with plasterboards, which also reduces costs.

Despite all the advantages and long lasting of the building, carcass technology has limitations also. This is the reason, why, before starting to project and build the carcass house, it should be fully clear, that this technology suits the client’s dreams and wishes, needs, and abilities.

What kind of flaws does carcass houses have?

For building the timber carcass house it is necessary to hire highly qualified specialists, who will follow the technology and use the professional working equipment.

Usually, wooden carcass frame construction is used for private houses with a maximum three floors and 20 m length.

Wooden carcass requires extra impregnation and machining with antiseptics and fire protection. If the carcass building is chosen, then it is necessary to choose the material for the carcass proceeding.

Foundations for timber frame house

The ideal solution for clay and wet soil is the base of the slab type. It helps to evenly share the load in comparison to a pile or ribbon foundation. For making this foundation it is necessary to put off the upper layer of the soil, so it lowers the risk of the compression. After that, there is processing a sand pillow and put on the slab.

The other type of soil can let to use ribbon or colonial foundation, which can share and withstand the load of the house and ensure the durability of the building. Before choosing the type of the foundation it is very important to count properly the weight of the structure and then, according to that, choose the right type of the foundation.

The ideal solution for clay and wet soil is the base of the slab type. It helps to evenly share the load in comparison to a pile or ribbon foundation. For making this foundation it is necessary to put off the upper layer of the soil, so it lowers the risk of the compression. After that, there is processing a sand pillow and put on the slab.

The other type of soil can let to use ribbon or colonial foundation, which can share and withstand the load of the house and ensure the durability of the building. Before choosing the type of the foundation it is very important to count properly the weight of the structure and then, according to that, choose the right type of the foundation.

Timber frame private house – what kind of the roof cover to choose?

For the timber frame houses usually are used the same roof covers, as for brick and wood houses. Depending on the roof structure, the roof can be a mansard, as well as built as a shelf or multi-layered cloak.

Two leveled and mansard roofs are especially popular among living private houses’ building. They are relatively simply installed. The roof of the wooden house should be suitable for the climate and should be durable to the wind and precipitation.

Choosing the material of the roof for the wooden carcass house, the project architectural characteristics should be taken into an account -the roof slope, the time of the serving of the material and the financial side of the project.

  • Metal Shingles. Used for the roof with 25-45 ° slope. The expiration date – 35 years;
  • Asbestos cement layer for painting is suitable up to 40 years, without extra processing up to 30 years. Used for the roof with 25-45 °;
  • Steel cover is used for roofs with 18-30 ° slope. The expiration date is up to 30 years.

The choice of the roof type depends on the attic room location. If it is planned, that an attic will be for living, then it is necessary to extra insulate and carefully choose the type.

The process of the timber frame house building

The correct execution of the order ensures the accuracy of the work. This algorithm guarantees, that the house will be mounted, considering all the building requirements and it will be long-lasting. First of all, the right place for the house should be chosen – with an optimal soil and a groundwater location place, taking into an account all the locations of the communications and the climatic characteristics of the soil.

After this, it is possible to make marking and choose proper foundations. Setting up a wooden frame in the basis, from the processed wood, on which is set up the wooden frame, are placed two crowns. Building a metal frame, it is not necessary, because the timber carcass house has a frame and outer wall construction.

When mounting walls, there are formed also windows and doors. After this step comes insulation if in the building process there weren’t use ready-made boards, which were inside cladding just covered with a gypsum sheet. When the timber frame house carcass is already mounted, there are made inner walls, floor and ceiling, and built installations. Finally, there are built the roof and made the inner and outer decoration.

Timber carcass buildings are not only more popular and cheaper but also more durable, functional and comfortable. Building costs of wooden houses are significantly lower because of the thermal insulation and thermal conductivity. A significant advantage is the fast building and put into exploitation, also materials, which are nature-friendly, long lasting, makes comfort and coziness.

Fully finished timber frame house from the inside and outside almost do not differs from the other type houses, because almost all the wooden details are hidden under the decoration. Timber frame houses are popular because of their high thermal efficiency and low heat costs.

Timber frame houses are built from renewable materials, their building causes less pollution to the environment. Thanks to the rule of the dry building, timber frame carcass house is possible to build in any time of the year – even in winter without waiting for the material drying out. It is possible to build the house in several weeks, depending on the project. It is preferable to build foundations until the frost will come, otherwise, the frost can negatively influence foundations.

For timber frame house, it is possible in any time to make decoration works, decking for the roof cover, the building of inner communications and exterior works. Timber frame carcass houses are cheaper in comparison to block and brick houses. Timber frame carcass house building costs with all the decoration and all the communications are 10 to 15% cheaper than a blockhouse and 30 to 40% cheaper than a brick house. It must be admitted, that timber frame carcass houses are easier in the exploitation. For example, for a brick house to achieve the same energy efficiency indicators as a timber frame carcass house, its outer wall should be at least a meter thick.

Timber frame carcass houses are ecological and nature-friendly. Fully ready timber frame house is many time lighter than masonry house, so heavy foundations are not needed.  Timber frame house is a natural, breathing living place, it building technologies correspond to Latvian climatic conditions and certain building requirements.

Timber frame houses are built from renewable materials, their building causes less pollution to the environment. Timber frame houses are relatively cheaper because house constructions are factory made, this fact saves money and time.

Timber frame house building – how is going the process of building and machining?

In the basis of the building of wooden carcass, house is making together finished wooden constructions. The building of the wooden frame consists of horizontal and vertical frames. In turn, bulkheads in wooden panel houses during the building process are filled with high-quality thermal insulation. Two-sided wooden carcass house walls’ decoration is optimal in case of the consumption.

Before the materials are brought to the construction site, the finished timber frame prefabricated panel house constructions are located in factories or warehouses and are not exposed to any adverse weather conditions beforehand, they do not need to be stored on the construction site because, as soon as they are delivered to the construction site, it immediately proceeds to assemble them.

A significant characteristic of timber frame houses panels is, that they are built in many layers, where each of them has its own function:

  •  The frame ensures vertical and horizontal loads
  • The support prevents the bending of the wall
  • Slabs are for fixing and the fire protection
  • In turn, insulation material ensures fire, sound and heat protection.

Nowadays wooden carcass building constructions are made the way they would be not vapouring permeable. Inner panel of the wooden material works as the barrier for the vapor and the hermetic layer at the same time. The main advantage of the construction is, that the inner barrier for the vapor – a film, is not needed. It lowers costs and ensures a better inner room climate. The wall can dry in any time, so preventive chemical protection of the wood is not needed.

Using timber frame house constructions

Thanks to flexibility, wooden carcass constructions are suitable both for one family house and for bigger building projects.

By using building process like this, it is possible to build:

  • Living buildings, for example, one family’s house, two floor or row timber frame houses, as well as multi-storey residential buildings.
  • Public buildings, for example, different centers of interests, schools, sports halls, and swimming pools.
  • Commercial buildings, for example, exhibition buildings, office buildings, stocks, and factories.

Timber frame houses structures are also used in mixed construction buildings, for example, adding additional living space to existing buildings, as well as mixed structures used in multi-storey residential buildings or administrative buildings. An example of a mixed design can be found here:

Thanks to a huge interest of the clients about timber frame houses, their development and fulfilling are proceeding all the time. As main pluses of these types of private houses are – durability, energy efficiency and the time because the building requires much less time in comparison to traditional houses. Passive houses have been considered as future houses. They are energy efficient and they do not have adverse effects on the environment and the house’s livers.

Thanks to the rule of the dry building, timber frame houses in comparison to block and masonry houses is possible to build in any time and in any weather conditions. When panels are produced, they are, according to the plan, transported by cars accordingly to unloading/assembling and carefully strengthened. Wooden carcass house mounting process is 1-3 days, depending on the project, 2 till 3 mounting specialists doing mounting works.

It is possible to create the desired one architecture and decoration for the timber frame house

Timber frame house building (prefabricated house, modular house or panel house) can be made in any design. Very beneficial resolution are ready-made projects.

For example, a company “Northouse” offers approx. 30 ready-made private house projects – for any taste, needs families with bigger or smaller people amount. The company also offers ready-made projects of timber frame houses (with a small roominess), these houses will be suitable for a couple or for the one person.

A company “Northouse” offers the ability to build a timber frame private house, using an individual project, then a client can realize his own ideas, fantasies, and wishes.

If the timber frame house is building, it is possible to create inner decoration, according to client’s wishes. Wooden carcass house can look like a brick house or a house with a decorative rendering.